Dyslexia and Dysgraphia: Two Common Learning Disorders

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Dyslexia and Dysgraphia: Two Common Learning Disorders


Dyslexia and dysgraphia are two of the most common learning disorders in Port Washington and the greater New York area, and frequently occur together. Dyslexia is defined as an inborn difficulty learning to read fluently, whereas dysgraphia involves difficulties with the process of handwriting. Port Washington residents who have these learning disorders often struggle in school, despite average or above-average overall intelligence.


Causes and Characteristics of Dyslexia

Dyslexia in Port Washington is among the learning disorders that affect language abilities. This condition makes it difficult to spell, as well as to understand the phonetics, or sound structures, of words and language. Dyslexia can manifest as any of a number of difficulties related to reading, including:

  • Trouble counting the number of syllables in words
  • Difficulty splitting words up into their component sounds
  • Trouble remembering words or names for things
  • Very poor spelling abilities
  • Omitting letters or adding extra letters when trying to spell words
  • Poor reading comprehension

No one is entirely sure about the causes of dyslexia, although like many learning disorders, the underlying problems lie within the brain. Modern neuroimaging techniques have provided evidence of functional and structural differences in the brains of individuals who have dyslexia. There is also most likely a genetic component at play in the etiology of dyslexia.


Dysgraphia: A Writing Disorder

Dysgraphia often occurs in conjunction with dyslexia, and both learning disorders affect the ability to use and understand written language. Some cases of dysgraphia in Port Washington also involve poor fine motor coordination or defective spatial processing. Some common signs of dysgraphia include:

  • Mixing up the uppercase and lowercase letters
  • Inconsistent size or form of letters
  • Slow copying of written text
  • Poor attention to detail when writing
  • Illegible handwriting
  • Pain or hand and finger cramping while writing

Like dyslexia, dysgraphia is a learning disorder that stems from neurological differences that are probably partly inherited; it is not a sign of lower than average intelligence. People with dysgraphia lack normal connectivity in brain regions that process writing-related cognitive and motor tasks.

Managing Dyslexia and Dysgraphia in Port Washington

Educational interventions for dyslexia in Port Washington are often geared toward helping remediate areas of weakness, such as phonics. Multisensory elements are often used in teaching to help students use their own unique learning styles to better understand reading. Extensive practice with reading and writing, and intensive tutoring in small groups or one-on-one, can often help dyslexics to master reading. Special classroom accommodations are also often offered to dyslexic and dysgraphic students in Port Washington. Another recently developed approach to dyslexia, dysgraphia, and other learning disorders is neurofeedback therapy, also known as EEG biofeedback. Quantitative encephalographic (qEEG) mind mapping has been able to demonstrate differences in electrical activity in the brains of people like learning disorders like dyslexia, and the neurofeedback training process can help to correct brainwave abnormalities to improve reading and writing skills by addressing underlying neurological issues.

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