Understanding Conduct Disorder
Childhood Conduct Disorder in Farmingdale
Anti-social personality disorder in Farmingdale is generally only diagnosed in adulthood. Anti-social personality disorder is characterized by pervasive, longstanding patterns of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of other people. Although ASPD is an adult disorder, these patterns generally begin during childhood. The aggressiveness, impulsivity, lack of remorse, failure to conform to social norms, and other aspects of adult Antisocial Personality Disorder are sometimes preceded in childhood by Conduct Disorder, a childhood behavioral disorder sometimes seen in Farmingdale.
What is Conduct Disorder?
Conduct Disorder is a recognized childhood behavioral disorder in the DSM. According to the most recent DSM criteria, there are four major categories that can be present in conduct disorder in Farmingdale:
- Aggression towards people and animals
- Destruction of property
- Deceitfulness or theft
- Serious violations or rules, laws, and/or social norms
Some experts also recommend a fifth qualifier, callous or unemotional behavior.
Although prevalence estimates for conduct disorder in Farmingdale and nationwide tend to range anywhere from 1-10%, the prevalence may be significantly higher among juvenile detention inmates. This would make sense, because the patterns of thought and behavior that characterize conduct disorder can make individuals more likely to commit crimes. Conduct disorder is also more prevalent in males than in females.
Causes and Outcomes of Conduct Disorder
Like most psychological disorders in Farmingdale, the underlying causes of conduct disorder are varied and complex. Conduct disorder is thought to arise as a result of cognitive, neurological, and environmental factors. Cognition in children with conduct disorder is often characterized by difficulties with executive functioning, including impulse control. They may have difficulty planning and organizing cognitive tasks, and have difficulty inhibiting behaviors. Research has identified some differences in brain structure and function as well. Children and adolescents with conduct disorder have been shown to display reduced responses in certain key brain areas associated with social and antisocial behavior. Differences in responses in the orbitofrontal cortex, a part of the brain involved in stimulus-reward tasks in psychological experiments, may help explain why people with conduct disorder continue to repeatedly make the same poor choices. Along with problems with impulse control and inhibition, conduct disorder is also associated with lack of empathy and difficulty processing social stimuli normally.
In children with conduct disorder in Farmingdale, experts have determined that there are a couple of different patterns in the developmental course that conduct disorder can take. In some cases, conduct disorder symptoms become present in a child before the age of ten. Younger children with conduct disorder often struggle with other psychological issues as well, such as ADHD and neuropsychiatric deficits or learning disorders. In other cases, the onset of a conduct disorder occurs during adolescence, rather than during the school-age years. In these cases of adolescent onset, fewer neuropsychological or learning deficits tend to occur along with the conduct disorder, and the individuals are more likely to experience a reduction in symptomatic behavior by the time they reach adulthood. Some researchers have even questioned whether adolescent-onset conduct disorder is really conduct disorder, as opposed to representing an extreme version of “normal” adolescent defiance and boundary-testing.